Fedora Sendmail

Sendmail – Spamassassin – Configuration Errors

This is an entry to remind me of how I corrected some small issues with Spamassassin. I use Fedora, Sendmail, Spamassassin and upon upgrading to latest version I started getting some errors from Spamassassin. This is how I fixed the errors.

Can’t locate MLDBM/ error

I got this error even though the MLDBM perl module was installed via the package system. This may be a deprecated configuration, as it appears the solution is something to do with mySQL databases. I went with the cpan, cpanm, then install the MLDBM::Sync module route. Quick and painless. As root:

; Install cpanminus.
#cpan App::cpanminus
; Using cpanm to install the MLDBM:Sync that is missing from package.
#cpanm MLDBM::Sync

FuzzyOcr: Cannot find executable for gifinter

This error is due to the giflibs v5.x no longer has many of the utilities that were in the v4.x releases and FuzzyOcr hasn’t been updated. I suspect this isn’t really used much anymore, but there’s a couple solutions. I used the method of downloading, compiling and copying over the giflib v4.x gifinter program. Just download the latest v4.x version from the sourceforge project. Do the usual ./configure; make. But not make install. Copy the gifinter program to /usr/local/bin. Edit the /etc/mail/spamassassin/ file. Look for the #focr_bin_gifinter line and change it to /usr/local/bin/gifinter. I use /usr/local/bin to keep manually compiled programs separate from package installed programs that are usually in /usr/bin/.

Configuration file requires version 3.004002 of SpamAssassin, but this is code version 3.004003

Was surprised this even occurred. This was simple as running as root;

Fedora Other Sendmail

Sendmail – How To Deliver To IPv4 Address Per Domain

More mail servers are now accepted e-mail via IPv6.  I have had a dynamically assigned IPv6 block on my Comcast Business account for awhile and I have let Sendmail decide what to use, and about 99.9% of mail is delivered via IPv4.  Just recently it appears Comcast has assigned an IPv6 MX record for their mail server. My Sendmail picked this up and now happily attempts to deliver the mail via the IPv6 address.  Unfortunately, it is immediately rejected due to the IPv6 address does not have a PTR record.  Of course Comcast Business is far behind on assigning IPv6 blocks so there is no way to get a static IPv6 block and a PTR entry.

How do I get Sendmail to deliver to the IPv4 address instead?  It’s called the mailertable feature..  You will need this feature enabled in your file. Most likely it is already enabled.




Now you need to make an entry into the mailertable file with the domain and IPv4 address. In order to get the IPv4 MX address for the domain you can do so by using the host command. We first look up the main domain name to get the MX records. Then lookup the IPv4 address for the MX record.  We now have the IPv4 address to where we want to deliver the mail.

[root@superstar ~]# host has address mail is handled by 5 mail is handled by 5
[root@superstar ~]# host has address has IPv6 address 2001:558:fe16:1b::15


We now add these lines to our mailertable file.

/etc/mail/mailertable     esmtp:[]     esmtp:[]


Don’t forget to issue make to update the db files for Sendmail to see the changes to the mailertable file. And then restart Sendmail.  It will now deliver to the specific IPv4 address.

[root@superstar mail]# make
[root@superstar mail]# service sendmail restart
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl restart  sendmail.service
You bet there is a catch! If the IPv4 address changes, you will need to manually make the change.
That’s it all there is to this. Sendmail is now delivering to the IPv4 address.